WASHINGTON–John F. Kennedy barely edged Richard Nixon from the 1960 popular vote, winning by fewer than 117,000 votes, or even much less than two-tenths of one percent point.
He acquired sufficient nations, however, when Congress convened on Jan. 6, respectively 1961, to formally certify who’d be inaugurated fourteen days after, Kennedy had a inexplicable lead of almost 100 votes from the Electoral College.
This supposed three contested electoral votes against Hawaii, that might have been a source of controversy at a close competition and analyzed our political strategy, did not really matter.
The way Nixon handled those contested votes is well worth recalling, but at a moment when President Donald Trump is telling his fans that the only manner he loses is whether there is rampant fraud, and also attorneys across the nation are scrambling to sweep up about the intricacies of the Electoral Count Act of all 1887.
Hawaii turned into a fresh nation in 1960 holding its very first presidential elections — a theory that is worth recalling as the prospect of incorporating Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia into the marriage is depicted as outrageous.
Turnout topped 93 percent in Hawaii. The nation’s result was shut, as the country’s was complete. Nixon originally seemed to be the winner 141 votes, along with the Republican governor declared him the winner. However a judge awarded the Kennedy group’s petition for a recount. As it retreated, the judge refused GOP tries to halt the count. After the mid-December date arrived to the Electoral College to fulfill — this year it is Dec. 14 — both the Democratic and Republican electors delivered their votes to Washington to be depended.
Kennedy finally was announced the winner at the Hawaii recount by 115 votes, however, the 2 sets of certificates were waiting as soon as the joint session of Congress convened. Democrats, such as Rep. Daniel K. Inouye, were prepared to file an objection when the GOP slate has been counted, but also the presiding officer — the former Senate president, that also is the vice presidenti.e., Nixon — forced the matter apart.
“He solved it at a somewhat statesmanlike manner using parliamentary process,” State University of New York professor James A. Gardner stated in a recent practice coordinated by the New York State Bar Association. “He asked unanimous consent the votes of the Democratic electors would rely. He solved himself.”
Nixon was not the first vice president that needed to preside over the introduction of electoral votes which announced his rival the winner, and he also was not the past. The latest was Al Gore, who had declared the 2000 election after the Supreme Court stopped a recount in Florida, effectively bringing the country’s electoral votes, and the presidency, to George W. Bush. During that joint semester 2001, House Democrats at the Congressional Black Caucus attempted to object to the approval of Florida’s electoral votes. However, their criticism didn’t possess a Senate co-sponsor when demanded by legislation, and it had been disregarded by Gore.
in case of a bicameral objection, the rules state the House and Senate would independent to debate that the objection depending on their rules. That is when things could become really cluttered, legal experts concur, together with the capacity for disputes involving legislatures and governors and disagreements over if electors have been”legitimately licensed.” Votes may be thrown out when they weren’t”regularly given” — but exactly what exactly does this mean within a year once the coronavirus pandemic has driven countries that relied heavily on peer-to-peer voting to change into mail-in or drop-off paper ballots?
The legislation also states legislatures select electors, and so Democratic champions, if condition election officials don’t mention a winner. Many people today consider the GOP’s hesitation to encourage attempts in the battleground states of Michigan and Pennsylvania to start processing mail-in votes until Election Day is connected into the simple fact they have Democratic governors along with Republican-controlled legislatures. If disputes within mail-in votes are yanking on in court once it is time for the Electoral College to fulfill Dec. 14, it is potential legislators could put their own slates.
Those disputes could land in the lap of Congress, also do not anticipate objections to emerge just from Republicans.
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Sherrilyn Ifill, president and manager of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, reported during a lecture hosted by the Aspen Institute on Oct. two that only as the Black Caucus flocked into the Florida vote 2001the exact same could occur in January if Republicans are struggling by casting ballots or election officials have been stopped by armed teams or court requests from restricting absentee or provisional ballots.
“We’re a non-partisan firm, but we think it is essential that each vote has been counted,” she explained. “And therefore I’d draw your attention to this simple fact that we truly have to accept this all of the way to Jan. 6, which possible statutory challenge could be received rather otherwise in 2021 than it had been obtained from 2001.”