Mars Express’s Onboard Camera

The fourth planet of solar system – Mars is currently grabbing millions of eyeballs because of astronauts’ potential colonisation perspectives. But leaving out the settlement missions, the European Space Agency (ESA) has moved forward for demonstrating the activities of Mars’ north polar ice cap.  By using the onboard sensor of Mars Express – the agency’s ongoing Mars exploration spacecraft, ESA has created an absolutely stunning mosaic, representing the flawlessly symmetrical pattern of the ice cap, at Mars’ North Polar.

ESA’s researchers, using high-definition snappers aboard ESA’s Mars Express, have developed an eye-catching medley of Red Planet’s North Polar Region – spread out 684 miles (1,100 km) in diameter. The montage is created from 32 individual orbits ‘strips’, clicked by the High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) onboard the Mars Express spacecraft, between 2004 and 2010.

According to ESA’s recent report, Mars’ north polar ice cap is geographically adolescent and is made out of an amalgamation of frozen carbon dioxide and water ice. The ice cap of the Red Planet has covered an approximate province of 386,000 sq. Miles (one million sq. km), and encompasses a dimension almost equal to half the size of the Greenland ice sheet on Earth. It also has an unrelenting water-ice cap, which is nearly 1.2 miles (2 km) cavernous, alongside an extra slender stratum, made of carbon dioxide ice.

The views taken by the radar instruments onboard Mars Express and NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have already revealed that the ice cap of Mars North Polar Region is consist of multiple individual ice crusts and dust, which have extended to a deepness of nearly 2 km. By observing and experimenting with these different ice layers and sections, the scientists at ESA are expecting to get hold of more information regarding the formation of the Martian climate.